Dana Moravcová(1*), Josef Planeta(2)

(1)  Institute of Analytical Chemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Veveří 97, 602 00 Brno, CZECH REPUBLIC
(2)  Institute of Analytical Chemistry of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Veveří 97, 602 00 Brno, CZECH REPUBLIC
(*) Corresponding Author

Silica Monolithic Capillary Columns for Hilic Separations


Abstract



The monolithic capillary columns (0.1 mm ✕ 150 mm) prepared by the acidic hydrolysis of tetramethoxysilane (TMOS) in the presence of polyethylene glycol (PEG) and urea were modified by zwitterionic stationary phases and evaluated under HILIC separation conditions by employing a mixture containing nucleosides and nucleotides. The polymeric layer of zwitterions did not affect the high separation efficiency of the original silica monolith. The prepared zwitterionic columns exhibited high separation efficiencies in a range 61,000–289,000 theoretical plates/m for a 2- methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine-based stationary phase and in a range 59,000–135,000 theoretical plates/m for a [2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl]dimethyl-(3-sulfopropyl)ammonium hydroxide-based stationary phase under optimal separation conditions. The grafted layer of zwitterions on the silica monolithic surface also significantly improved the separation selectivity to compounds of interest.

Keywords


HILIC; silica monolith; nucleoside; nucleotide; capillary chromatography

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